Philosophy summaries:

A. John Simmons on tacit consent and political obligation

An argument against a basic right to democratic say

A counterexample to ought implies can

A nineteenth century argument about the equality of human beings

A priori knowledge of contingent propositions

A Theory of Justice and its critics

Bentham's argument for the principle of utility

Bernard Williams on the idea of equality

Concepts, conceptions and disagreement

Daniel McDermott on fair-play obligations

Donald Davidson on translation and alternative conceptual schemes

Duties to nations

Ethics of care

Euthanasia and a life not worth living

F.H. Bradley's criticisms of hedonistic moral theories

F.H. Bradley on responsibility, free will and determinism

F.H. Bradley on 'Why should I be moral?'

Galileo’s logical objection to heavier objects falling faster

Gettier cases and adept knowledge

Gettier cases and logic

H.A. Prichard on promising

Hans Kelsen and the colony example

Hans Kelsen on the definition of democracy

Locke’s theses about language

Jacques Derrida’s argument against what can be heard is only sound

Jacques Derrida on forgiveness

Joseph Raz's argument against strict consequentialism

Joseph Raz on number problems in morality

Joseph Raz on promises

Philippa Foot on morality as a system of categorical imperatives

Radical interpretation and alternative conceptual schemes (Donald Davidson)

Rousseau against the right of the strongest

Rousseau against slavery contracts

Scheme-content dualism, coherentism and John McDowell's third position

Susan Okin on the gender system, the monogamous family and A Theory of Justice

The claim that morality is subjective

The foundationalist argument for intuitionism

The mixed maxims objection to Kant

The paradox of self-ownership

The theory of self-interest in Notes from Underground

The view that introspectible mental states determine meaning

There is at most one world

Thomas Nagel's view that Davidson is an idealist

Two fair-play theories of political obligation

Wittgenstein on 'I may be dreaming'


Linguistics summary:

It is raining somewhere


Anthropology summaries:

Claude Levi-Strauss, social constructivism and syllables across languages

Marilyn Strathern on the facts of English kinship

Marilyn Strathern on the concept of society is theoretically obsolete

Origins of anthropology: arguments for and against fieldwork


Essay writing:

Four common essay writing errors

Ten common referencing and bibliography errors



PhilPapers webpage

Academia webpage



Mario’s Garden

Rock, Paper, Scissors



From others:

Laura Riding anthology